Hst 112 Study Guide for the Final
China vs. Japan
Rape of Nanjing
"Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere"
United Nations (UN)
Martin Luther King Jr.
Fidel Castro (1926-)
Joseph Charles de Gaulle
John F. Kennedy
Bay of Pigs
Cuban Missile Crisis
Warsaw Treaty Organization
India vs. Pakistan
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Ngo Dinh Diem
Juan & Eva Peron
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
Kwame Nkrumpah – the first president of Kenya (free)
Mao Zedong (p. 1027) — Chinese leader who led the Chinese Revolution and was the driving force behind the Great Leap Forward and Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution.
Hawaharial Nehru – First president of Ghana … voice of Africa
Anwar Sadat (p. 1024) — Egyptian leader who both masterminded the Yom Kippur surprise attack on Israel as well as negotiated later peace treaties with the Israelis.
Imre Nagy (p. 1013) — Hungarian leader who was deposed and executed after announcing Hungary’s withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact.
Apartheid (p. 1022) -- "separateness," South African system implemented by the Afrikaner National Party to control the native black population.
.Détente (p. 1015) -- reduction in tensions between the Soviet Union and United States during the 1960’s.
decolonization (p.974) the relinquishing of colonial possessions.
European Community (p. 1012) -- EC, founded in 1957, originally a union of France, West Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxemburg, designed to promote economic growth and integration.
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (p. 1033) -- GATT, originally a union of non-communist nations whose goal was to remove or loosen barriers to free trade.
NATO (p. 1011) -- North Atlantic Treaty Organization, American-dominated alliance system that stood in opposition to the Warsaw Pact.
Organization of African Unity (p. 1021) -- OAU, organization formed in 1963 of thirty-two African states to deal with common problems and avoid conflicts.
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (p. 1033) -- OPEC, an economic and sometimes political grouping of oil-producing nations designed originally to raise oil prices through cooperation.
Palestinian Liberation Organization (p. 1024) -- PLO, organization led by Yasser Arafat designed to promote Palestinian rights.
Paris Peace Accords (p. 1016) -- agreement that brought the United States out of the Vietnam War.
SALT (p. 1015) -- Strategic Arms Limitations Talks, agreement between the Soviet Union and United States designed to reduce the threat posed by strategic nuclear weapons.
Taliban (p. 1017) -- religious organization that in 1996 proclaimed Afghanistan a strict Islamic state.
Solidarity velvet revolution
"Warning to Humanity"
China’s one child policy … problems.
World Health Organization
NGO (non-governmental organization)
World Trade Organization