Hst 112 Study Guide for the Final


Chapter 37

Adolph Hitler

Benito Mussolini


China vs. Japan 

Mukden Incident

Rape of Nanjing


"Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere"

Non-Aggression Treaty

Operation Barbarossa

Lend-Lease Program.



Wannsee Conference



Truman Doctrine

United Nations (UN)



Chapter 38

Brezhnev doctrine

Martin Luther King Jr.

Fidel Castro (1926-)

Joseph Charles de Gaulle

John F. Kennedy 

Bay of Pigs

Cuban Missile Crisis

Domestic Containment 

Richard Nixon 

Marshal Tito

Ronald Reagan 

Mikhail Gorbachev

Boris N.






Viet Minh

Warsaw Treaty Organization


Chapter 39

Mohandas Gandi

India vs. Pakistan

Indira Gandhi


Gamal Abdel Nasser



Ho Chi

Ngo Dinh Diem

Alexander Dubcek

Saddam Hussein

Juan & Eva Peron


Jimmy Carter 

Laurent Kabila

Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini

Sinqobili Maghena.

Nelson Mandela

Kwame Nkrumpah – the first president of Kenya (free)

Mao Zedong (p. 1027) — Chinese leader who led the Chinese Revolution and was the driving force behind the Great Leap Forward and Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution.

Hawaharial Nehru – First president of Ghana … voice of Africa

Anwar Sadat (p. 1024) — Egyptian leader who both masterminded the Yom Kippur surprise attack on Israel as well as negotiated later peace treaties with the Israelis.

Imre Nagy (p. 1013) — Hungarian leader who was deposed and executed after announcing Hungary’s withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact.

Apartheid (p. 1022) -- "separateness," South African system implemented by the Afrikaner National Party to control the native black population.

.Détente (p. 1015) -- reduction in tensions between the Soviet Union and United States during the 1960’s.

decolonization (p.974) the relinquishing of colonial possessions.

European Community (p. 1012) -- EC, founded in 1957, originally a union of France, West Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxemburg, designed to promote economic growth and integration.

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (p. 1033) -- GATT, originally a union of non-communist nations whose goal was to remove or loosen barriers to free trade.

NATO (p. 1011) -- North Atlantic Treaty Organization, American-dominated alliance system that stood in opposition to the Warsaw Pact.

Organization of African Unity (p. 1021) -- OAU, organization formed in 1963 of thirty-two African states to deal with common problems and avoid conflicts.

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (p. 1033) -- OPEC, an economic and sometimes political grouping of oil-producing nations designed originally to raise oil prices through cooperation.

Palestinian Liberation Organization (p. 1024) -- PLO, organization led by Yasser Arafat designed to promote Palestinian rights.

Paris Peace Accords (p. 1016) -- agreement that brought the United States out of the Vietnam War.

SALT (p. 1015) -- Strategic Arms Limitations Talks, agreement between the Soviet Union and United States designed to reduce the threat posed by strategic nuclear weapons.

Taliban (p. 1017) -- religious organization that in 1996 proclaimed Afghanistan a strict Islamic state.


Chapter 40

Solidarity velvet revolution

"Warning to Humanity"  

Global Warming:


China’s one child policy … problems.

World Health Organization

European Union 





United Nations

NGO (non-governmental organization) 


Rainbow Warrior

Red Cross

World Trade Organization